A very large percentage of technical information that is generated across the globe reside in the patent databases.
Below chart depicts breakup according to country and application type for major filing countries. Data Source – patentanalysis.com
Data collected through a survey say that there are:
- 72 million patent documents worldwide
- appx. 15 million inventions
- 1,000,000 patent in last 10 years
- Weekly – More than 10,000 new patents
- Every 30 seconds a new patent document is added to the vast technical library of patent documents
The statistics clearly indicates:
- Increase in R & D efforts
- Increase in patent filing efforts
- Increase in market coverage through family patent filing
- Patent grant rate is bound to go down. According to a study, already the Belgium PTO has a 30% grant rate
- Risk of reinventing the wheel, if patentability / prior art search not performed thoroughly
- Large number of patents may get invalidated by other relevant patents thus causing many infringement law suits to become void
- Need of clearance would increase
Number of patents granted as distributed by year of patent application & by year of patent grant – between: 1st Jan, 1963 – 31st December, 2006
Foreign nationals residing in the United States are steadily making greater contributions to the country’s intellectual property, stirring concern about maintaining the country’s competitiveness and the debate over whether to relax U.S. immigration policy.
Foreign nationals were named in more than half of international patent applications filed from the United States by large corporations. Those include Qualcomm, at 72 percent; Merck, at 65 percent; General Electric, at 64 percent; Siemens, at 63 percent; and Cisco, at 60 percent.
At the other end of the spectrum, foreign nationals were named on 6 percent of General Motors’ patent applications and only 3 percent of Microsoft’s. The U.S. government is among those that benefit from foreign nationals’ brainpower. Some 41 percent of its patent applications list foreign nationals as inventors or co-inventors.
India may be seen as a global hub for innovation, but multinational corporations have filed more patents in India over the past decade than all of India’s public and private institutions.
Among the top 50 applicants for patents in India, 44 were foreign firms. Only six were Indian — among these, three were public institutions, one was a public corporation, and just two were private Indian firms, both in the pharmaceutical industry.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and the defence ministry were the two Indian public agencies with the highest number of patents in India, followed by the Steel Authority of India. The two private companies in the top 50 patent applicants are Ranbaxy and Dr Reddy’s Laboratories.
Overall, India appears better at producing basic knowledge than commercialising knowledge. But India has low research and development costs — primarily because of low pay to scientists and engineers, the main cost component of research spending according to the report.
Although termed as the knowledge hub providing valuable human resource to the world, when it comes to Research and Development (R&D) at the domestic level, India lags behind developing countries like China, Brazil and for that matter even with Republic of Korea and Mexico.
China has received 268,926 patent applications in the first six months of this year, up 7.3 per cent from the corresponding period last year. These patent applications involved inventions, utility models and designs, the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) .
According to statistics, patent applications in China had exceeded three million by the end of June, 2006.
China had received more than 4.98 million applications for registering trade marks by the end of 2006, with the number of registered trade marks exceeding 2.77 million.
Currently, China has more than 600 patent agent organisations. The Patent and Trademark Law Office under the CCPIT remains the largest agency authorised to manage overseas-related intellectual property.
Top & hot 15 market places where US seeks protection for its patents.
IP activity by India both residential and non-residential.